Month: May 2020

Pathology of Cervix

Introduction to Cervix The cervix consists of anInternal os communicating with theendometrial cavity above, External os opening into the vaginabelow. Ectocervix (exocervix) or portiovaginalis is the part of the cervixexposed to the vagina and is lined bystratified squamous epithelium,whereas the Endocervix is continuous with theendocervical canal and is lined by asingle layer of tall columnar …

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Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy Volume 3 Head, Neck and Brain 16th Edition

Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy Volume 3 Head, Neck and Brain 16th Edition PDF Free Download Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy Volume 3 The new 16th edition of Cunningham’s has been thoroughly revised for the modern-day anatomy student. The language has been simplified for easy understanding making this textbook ideal for students at undergraduate levels. …

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Drugs of Heart Failure

INTRODUCTION to Heart Failure Congestive Heart Failure The heart is unable to pump sufficient amount of blood to meet the metabolic demands of the body. Causes: Myocardial InfarctionHypertension Cardiomyopathy Drug induced: Anti cancer drugs cisplatin High output state: Severe anaemia and Thyrotoxicosis Cor Pulmonale CLINICAL FEATURES Mainsymptoms Breathlessness Orthopnea Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea Reduced exercise tolerance …

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Nutrition (Nutritional Requirement And Feeding)

Introduction to Nutrition NATIONAL NUTRITION WEEK -> 1st -7th SEPTEMBER Nutrition: The process by which the organism utilizes food. IYCN: infant & Young Child Nutrition Special emphasis on 1% 1000 Days of Life(prenatal to 2yrs/minus 9 to plus 24 months) Weaning/Complementary Feeding: The systematicprocess of introduction of suitable food at theright time in addition to …

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Pediatrics Notes

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Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterium

Introduction to Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterium Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), also known as environmental mycobacteria, atypical mycobacteria and mycobacteria other than tuberculosis (MOTT), are mycobacteria which do not cause tuberculosis or leprosy (also known as Hansen’s disease). NTM do cause pulmonary diseases that resemble tuberculosis. Mycobacteriosis is any of these illnesses, usually meant to exclude tuberculosis. They occur in many animals, including humans. Definition of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterium The designation Non tuberculous …

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Anti-hypertensive Drugs II

Calcium Channel blockers CCBs) CCBs: in Hypertension CCBs: in Hypertension Amlodipine, Felodipine, lercanidippine & SR of otherspreferred for mild to moderate HTMonotherapy or in combinationLong acting, Well tolerated, Fewer drug interaction• Isolated systolic, elderly ∙ Stroke prevention• Second to ACEI/ARBs in nephropathy protectionAvoid in MI• Imm release nifedipine & short acting DHP not used for …

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Anti-hypertensive Drugs (Hypertension Therapy)

Introduction to Anti-hypertensive Drugs (Hypertension Therapy) Definition of Hypertension A condition in which there is sustained increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure Isolated systolic hypertension in elderly Hypertension is usually asymptomatic Morbidity and mortality due to end organ damage Approx. 9 million deaths/ year due to hypertension According to WHO, 62% die of stroke …

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