Month: June 2020

Borrelia

Introduction to Borrelia Large,motile, refractile spirochaetes Wide,irregular,open colls gram negative Species B.recurrentis relapsing fever B.vincentii-fusospirochaetosis B.burgdorferi-lyme disease Morphology 0.2-0.5 u wide, 8-20 u length motile 5-8 irregular spirals Culture charecterstic microaerophilic Can be grown on naguchi media,CAM, Mice/rat intraperitonially REPLAPSING FEVER Can occur as epidermic,endemic or sporadic form arthropod borne disease- 2 types louse born …

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Male Reproductive System Histological Study

Introduction to Male Reproductive System The male reproductive system consists of the testes, conducting tubules and ducts (epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory ducts), accessory sex glands (seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral glands), and the penis. These organs work to together to produce male gametes (sperm) MICROSTRUCTURE OF TESTES ( Male Reproductive System) • The surface of …

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SUPERFICIAL AND DEEP PERINEAL POUCH (Perineum)

PERINEUM The perineum refers to a shallow compartment of the body (perineal compartment)  bounded by the pelvic outlet   separated from the pelvic cavity by the fascia covering the inferior aspect of the pelvic diaphragm, formed by the levator ani and coccygeus muscles  Boundaries of the perineum  Pubic symphysis, anteriorly. Ischiopubic rami (combined inferior pubic …

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Impotence & Sterility

Introduction to Impotence Inability of a person to perform sexual intercourse Erectile dysfunction Potentia copulandi Sterility Inability of a person to beget or conceivechildren in male and female respectively Infertility -> Failure to conceive following twelve monthof unprotected and regular intercourse Cause of impotence Psychogenic 1. Generalized 2. Situational ( Are of 3 types) :- …

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Leptospires

Introduction to Leptospires Leptospires are actively motile, delicate spirochetes possessing a large number of spirochetes possessing a large number of closely wound spirals & characteristic hooked ends. Too this to be seen under light microscopy. Classification Leptospira Interrogans – Pathogenic there are 200 serovars. Leptospira biflexa – Non Pathogenic there are 60 serovans. Morphology Leptospices …

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Cancer

Introduction to Cancer Cancer is a disease where cells grow out of control & invade, erode & destroy normal tissue. Normal body cells grow, divide die in an ordinary fasion. cancer cells are different because they do not die, they just continue to grow and divide in a disorderly fashion. The term cancer applies to …

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Miscellaneous Bacteria

Introduction to Miscellaneous Bacteria Listeria (Miscellaneous Bacteria) Food borne pathogen Causes infections in neonates, pregnant females andelders. Cause listeriosis in neonates and old Gram positive, chains,coccoid TUMBLING motility (25°C) Non motile(37°) Temprature dependant flagellar motility Aerobic/microaerophillic Meningitis /meningoencephalitis(neonates) Stillbirth Monocytosis(man) Can survive refrigeration.(4°C) Commonly found in stored foods INTRACELLULAR Positive CAMP test Has direct cell …

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Gastro Intestinal Tract – I (Esophagus & Tongue)

Gastro Intestinal Tract (Esophagus & Tongue) The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a hollow tube extending from the oral cavity to the anus consists of anatomically distinct segments, includingthe esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon,rectum, and anus Each of these segments has unique, complementary,and highly integrated functions Which together serve to regulate the intakeprocessing, and absorption of …

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Hepatobilliary System – II (HCV)

Introduction to Hepatitis (HCV) Causes of Viral Hepatitis Infectious monomucleosis Cytomegalovirous Infection Yellow fever A group of viruses having a particular affinity for the liver. Hepatitis A(Infectius Hepatitis) Single standard RNA picorna virous –   hepatoviyus, Transmission-feco-oral, endermic in countries with poor sanitation. IP-2-3 weeks in before and one week after Non present insaliva, urine …

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Hepatobilliary System – I

Introduction hepatobilliary System Anatomy of liver Normal adult liver weights 1400 to 1600 gm. 2 main anatomical lobes -right and left. Inferior surface of right lobe has Porta Hepatis-blood vessels lymphatic and common hepatic duct from hilum of the liver. Dual blood supply-70% portal vein-30% hepatic artery. Types of liver cell necrosis Diffuse(submassive to massive)-Viral …

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