Month: November 2020

Subcutaneous Fungal Infection

Introduction to Subcutaneous Fungal Infection Subcutaneous fungal infection primarily involve the dermis, subcutaneous tissue and adjacent bone. The disease process usually starts following a trivial trauma which is the sole source of infection. Major subcutaneous Mycoses are: Mycetoma Sporotrichosis Chromoblastomycosis Phaeohyphomycosis Lobomycosis Rhinosporidiosis (now not a Fungus) Sporotrichosis A chronic , pyogranulomatous fungal infection of …

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NEUROTICS (ALCOHOL)

Introduction to Neurotics (Alcohol) CEREBRAL : CNS DEPRESSANTS – e.g., Alcohol, GA, Opioid analgesics, Sedatives, Hypnotics. CNS STIMULANTS — e.g., CAD, Caffine, Amphetamine, Methylphenidate. DELIRIANTS — Dhatura, Cannabis, Cocaine, Atropa belladona, Hyocyamus. SPINAL : e.g. Strychnos nux vomica, Gelsemium. PERIPHERAL : e.g. Conium , Curare. Inebriants Inebriant —produces Intoxication Light headedness, confusion, disorientation, drowsiness. Prolonged …

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Anticancer Drugs

Introduction to Anticancer The anticancer drugs either kill cancer cells or modify their growth — but, selectivity of these drugs limited — damages normal cells too — highly toxic No Treatment: Before 1940 (Nitrogen mustard) Surgery: before 1955 Radiotherapy: 1955 — 1965 Chemotherapy: after 1945 Immunotherapy, Hormone therapy , stem cell transplant and Gene therapy …

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Critical Appraisal of Drug Promotional Literature

Introduction to Critical Appraisal All informational and persuasive activities by manufacturers and distributors , the effect of which is to induce the prescription, supply, purchase /or use of medical drugs is termed as DRUG PROMOTION It is an important bearing on the rational use of drugs, price-control mechanisms, manufacture, availability and the use of essential …

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Mania

Introduction to Mania/Psychiatric Disorders Disordered functioning in the areas of emotions, perception, thinking and memory, and have no clearly established biological basis. Etiology of Psychiatric Disorders: Genetic Brain Structure and Functions: The brain structure remains largely normal The functioning of the brain Is commonly altered with, for example, changes in neurotransmitters such as dopamine, norepinephrine …

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Schistosoma: Blood Flukes (Bilharzia)

Introduction to Schistosoma: Blood Flukes (Bilharzia) Cause Schistosomiasis or bilharziasis The three main species infecting humans are Schistosoma haematobium S. japonicum S. mansoni Two other species, more localized geographically, are S.mekongi (Thailand) and S. intercalatum (West central Africa) Schistosomiasis: Geographical Distribution S. haematobium in Africa and the Middle East An isolated focus of endemicity was …

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