Anatomy

Pelvis

Introduction to Pelvis “Pelvis” literally means a basin.  It is made up of four bones: two hip (innominate) bones, sacrum, and coccyx, bound to each other by the ligaments. Functions of the pelvis: Contains pelvic viscera (urinary bladder and rectum in both sexes and uterus in female) and protects them. Supports weight of body and …

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Skull (Norma Basalis)

Introduction to Skull (Norma Basalis) Norma Verticalis Norma Occipitalis Norma Frontalis Norma Lateralis Norma Basalis Base of skull/Norma basalis 3 regions/parts: anterior, middle, and posterior by two imaginary transverse lines, viz.: 1. Anterior transverse line, which passes along the posterior-free margin of hard palate. 2. Posterior transverse line, which passes along the anterior margin of …

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Various Modes of Inheritance

Introduction Various Modes of Inheritance CHROMOSOMES The chromosomes (German: chromosome = a readily staining body) are deeply stained minute rod-like structures in nucleus of the cell formed by condensation of chromatin during cell division. They contain DNA encoding genetic information inherited from the parents. The individual chromosomes are best defined (visible) under microscope only during …

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Autonomic Nervous System

BASIC ANATOMY OF Autonomic Nervous System We subdivide the ANS into the parasympathetic, sympathetic, and enteric divisions. The enteric system is essentially an independent nervous system responsible for regulation of digestive functions. The ANS coordinates cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, excretory and reproductive systems. Somatic and Autonomic Nervous System Somatic and Autonomic Nervous System Somatic Skeletal muscle …

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CEREBRUM

Introduction To Cerebrum CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES External highly-convoluted cortex Beneath which lies an extensive internal mass of white matter that partly encloses the basal ganglia. Contains a lateral ventricle that is continuous with the third ventricle through the interventricular foramen. The two hemispheres are linked by the commissural fibres of the corpus callosum. The cerebral hemisphere …

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