CEREBELLUM

CEREBELLUM

  • Cerebellum = little brain.
  • second largest part of brain.
  • largest part of hindbrain.
  • about 150 grams.
  • numerous fine slit-like sulci or fissures and parallel folds or folia.

STRUCTURE OF THE CEREBELLUM

  • The cerebellum is composed of an outer covering of gray matter called the cortex and inner white matter.
  • Embedded in the white matter of each hemisphere are three masses of gray matter forming the intracerebellar nuclei.
  • The cerebellar cortex can be regarded as a large sheet with folds lying in the coronal or transverse plane. Each fold or folium contains a core of white matter covered superficially by gray matter.
  • A section made through the cerebellum parallel with the median plane divides the folia at right angles, and the cut surface has a branched appearance, called the arbor vitae
  • The gray matter of the cortex throughout its extent has a uniform structure. It may be divided into three layers: (1) an external layer, the molecular layer; (2) a middle layer, the Purkinje cell layer; and (3) an internal layer,the granular layer.

External features

  • 3 parts = 2 lateral hemispheres and 1 worm-like vermis
  • Surfaces = superior, inferior
  • Notches = anterior and posterior cerebellar notch
  • Fissures = horizontal, posterolateral, V-shaped fissura prima.
  • The cerebellum consists of two large lateral hemispherical lobes, the cerebellar hemispheres which are united to each other by a narrow median worm-like portion, called vermis.
  • The superior and inferior aspects of vermis are termed superior and inferior vermis respectively. 
  • The ridge-like superior vermis is continuous on either side with the superior surface of cerebellar hemisphere imperceptively. 
  • The inferior vermis is more clearly demarcated from the hemispheres in the floor of vallecula cerebelli.

Surfaces

  • The superior surface of the cerebellum is convex. The two cerebellar hemispheres are continuous with each other on this surface. 
  • The inferior surface presents a deep median notch called vallecula which separates the two cerebellar hemispheres. 
  • The floor of the vallecula is formed by inferior vermis and is limited on each side by sulcus valleculae.

Notches

  • The anterior aspect of cerebellum is marked by a wide shallow anterior cerebellar notch which accommodates pons and medulla. 
  • The posterior cerebellar notch is deep and narrow, and lodges the falx cerebelli.

Fissures

  • The horizontal fissure is most conspicuous and runs along the lateral and posterior margins of the cerebellum. It marks the junction between the superior and inferior surfaces of the cerebellum.
  • The posterolateral fissure lies on the inferior surface of the cerebellum and separates the flocculonodular lobe from the rest of the cerebellum (corpus cerebelli).
  • The V-shaped fissura prima on the superior surface cuts the superior vermis at the junction of its anterior two-third and posterior one-third. It divides the corpus cerebelli into anterior and posterior (middle) lobes.

Subdivisions of Cerebellum

Anatomical subdivisions

  • Anatomically the cerebellum is divided into three lobes – anterior, posterior and flocculonodular.

Morphological subdivisions

  • Based on phylogenetic and functional criteria the cerebellum is divided into three parts, archicerebellum, paleocer-ebellum, and neocerebellum.

1) Archicerebellum (vestibular cerebellum)

  • Oldest part of the cerebellum. 
  • The fishes and lower amphibians possess only this component of the cerebellum. 
  • It consists of flocculonodular lobe and lingula.
  • Chiefly vestibular – concerned with the maintenance of equilibrium, tone and posture of trunk muscles.

2) Paleocerebellum (spinal cerebellum)

  • In terrestrial vertebrates with the appearance of limbs, viz. reptiles and birds. 
  • Consists of anterior lobe (except lingula) and pyramid and uvula of inferior vermis.
  • Chiefly spinocerebellar in connections and concerned with the tone, posture and crude movements of the limbs.

Neocerebellum (cerebral cerebellum)

  • Most recent part of the cerebellum to develop- prominent in higher mammals. 
  • It is made up of middle lobe, the largest part of the cerebellum (except the pyramid and the uvula of inferior vermis).
  • Chiefly corticoponto-cerebellar in connections and is concerned with smooth performance of skilled voluntary movements.

Internal Structure

  • Thin surface layer of grey matter, the cerebellar cortex and a central core of white matter. Embedded within the central core of white matter are masses of grey matter called intracerebellar nuclei.
  • The cerebellar cortex is folded in such a way that the surface of cerebellum presents a series of parallel transverse fissures and intervening narrow leaf-like bands called folia. Each folium consists of a slender branched lamina of central core of white matter covered by a thin layer of grey matter. 
  • The central core of white matter being arranged in the form of the branching pattern of a tree, is called arbor vitae cerebelli (arbor vitae = tree of life).

Grey matter

  • The grey matter of the cerebellum is represented by: (a) the cerebellar cortex, and (b) the intracerebellar nuclei.
  • Cerebellar cortex
  • 3 layers :
  1. Outer molecular / plexiform = numerous dendritic arborizations of purkinje cells, few widely spaced two types of nerve cells ; basket cells and stellate cells.
  2. Purkinje cell layer = single row of large flask-shaped purkinje cells.
  3. Granular layer = numerous closely packed small granule cells, few large golgi cells. 

Molecular (plexiform) layer

  • Consists of numerous dendritic arborizations of Purkinje cells and nerve cells.
  • The nerve cells are of two types: (a) the basket cells, and (b) the stellate cells.
  • The Basket cells – small in size with little cytoplasm and extensive processes. 
  • The longest of these processes (axon) of each cell assumes a transverse course parallel to the cortical surface and synapse with dendrites of Purkinje cells.
  • The Stellate cells – short processes. Scattered near the surface. Their axonsarborise with dendritic spines of the Purkinje cells.

Purkinje cell layer

  • Consists of a single row of large flask-shaped cells, the Purkinje cells. 
  • A dendrite arises from the neck of the flask, passes upwards into the molecular layer, where it undergo profuse branching to form an elaborate dendritic tree. 
  • The dendrites of Purkinje cells synapse with: (a)basket cells, (b) granule cells, and (c) the climbing fibres. 
  • The outgoing Purkinje axons constitute the sole output from the cerebellar cortex and exert an inhibitory influence on the intracerebellar nuclei.

Granular layer

  • Consists of numerous closely packed small Granule cells.
  • Alsocontains few large Golgi cells.
  • Each granule cell gives rise to four or five short dendrites, which make claw-like endings which synapse with the terminals of the mossy fibres. 
  • The axon of each granule cell passes into the molecular layer where it bifurcates at a T junction, and its branches run parallel to the long axis of the cerebellar folium. These fibres are known as parallel fibres.
  • The Golgi cells are large and prominent but scanty. Their den-drites ramify in the molecular layer.

Intrinsic neurons of the cerebellar cortex

  • There are five types of intrinsic neurons in the cerebellar cortex:

 (a) Purkinje cells,

 (b) Granule cells,

 (c)  Stellate cells, 

 (d) Basket cells,

 (e) Golgi cells.

  • All the intrinsic neurons of cerebellar cortex are inhibitory except granule cells. Such a collection of inhibitory neurons is not found anywhere else in the CNS except in the cerebellum.

Intracerebellar Nuclei

  • Four masses of gray matter are embedded in the white matter of the cerebellum on each side of the midline.
  • From lateral to medial, these nuclei are the dentate, the emboliform, the globose, and the fastigial.
  • The dentate nucleus is the largest of the cerebellar nuclei. It has the shape of a crumpled bag with the opening facing medially .
  • The interior of the bag is filled with white matter made up of efferent fibers that leave the nucleus through the opening to form a large part of the superior cerebellar peduncle.
  • The emboliform nucleus is ovoid and is situated medial to the dentate nucleus, partially covering its hilus.
  • The globose nucleus consists of one or more roundedcell groups that lie medial to the emboliform nucleus.
  • The fastigial nucleus lies near the midline in the vermis and close to the roof of the fourth ventricle; it is larger than the globose nucleus.

Dentate nucleus

  • The dentate nucleus- most prominent and largest in primates, especially in humans. 
  • It is the nucleus of neocerebellum and therefore receives afferent fibres from it. 
  • Fibres include dentorubral and dentothalamic fibres relaying in the red nucleus and ventral lateral nucleus of the thalamus respectively. 
  • Fibres from red nucleus and thalamus project to the spinal cord and cerebral cortex respectively.

Emboliform nucleus

  • Oval in shape and situated medial to the dentate nucleus, partially covering its hilum.
  • It is the nucleus of paleocerebellum, hence receives afferent fibres from it and gives fibres to the red nucleus via superior cerebellar peduncle. 
  • The red nucleus projects to the spinal cord through rubrospinal tract, which facilitates the flexor muscle tone.

Globose nucleus

  • Rounded in shape and lies between the emboliform and fastigial nuclei. 
  • It has similar connections to that of emboliform nucleus. 
  • The globose and emboliform nuclei together are sometimes referred to as nucleus interpositus.

Fastigial nucleus

  • Lies near the midline in the vermis and close to the roof of the fourth ventricle.
  • Smaller than the dentate but larger than the emboliform or globose nuclei. 
  • It is nucleus of archicerebellum, hence receives afferent fibres from flocculonodular lobe (archicerebellum) and conveys efferent fibres

Cerebellar Peduncles

  • The cerebellum is linked to other parts of the central nervous system by numerous efferent and afferent fibers that are grouped together on each side into three large bundles, or peduncles.
  • Superior cerebellar peduncles connect the cerebellum to the midbrai.
  • Middle cerebellar peduncles connect the cerebellum to the pons.
  • Inferior cerebellar peduncles connect the cerebellum to the medulla oblongata.

White matter

  • Made up of three types of fibres: (a) intrinsic, (b) afferent, and (c) efferent.
  • The intrinsic fibres- remain confined within the cerebellum.
  • Connect different regions of the cerebellum either in the same hemisphere or of the two cerebellar hemispheres. 
  • Through afferent and efferent fibres the cerebellum is connected with the other parts of the CNS.

Arterial supply

  • Superior cerebellar = branch of basilar, supplies superior surface.
  • Anterior inferior cerebellar = branch of basilar, supplies anterior part of inferior surface.
  • Posterior inferior cerebellar = branch of vertebral, supplies posterior part of inferior surface.

VENOUS DRAINAGE

  • The cerebellar lesions due to trauma, vascular occlusion, tumours, etc. produce a number of signs and symptoms, which together constitute the cerebellar syndrome.
  • The signs and symptoms produced by cerebellar lesions are as follows:

    Involvement of archicerebellum will lead to:

    (a) Trunkal ataxia and staggering gate: The patient is unsteady while standing, and staggering while walking [he walks with legs well apart (i.e. on a wide base) and sways from side to side].

   (b) Nystagmus:  The involuntary, to and fro, oscillatory movements of the eyeballs while looking to either side.

    Romberg’s sign- The patient is unable to maintain balance while standing upright, and falls on closing the eyes.

  • Involvement of paleocerebellum will lead to diminished muscle tone (hypotonia asthenia) of limb muscles. This manifests in the form of:

    (a) lack of stability of joints (flail joints).

    (b) Disturbances of tendon reflexes, viz. tapping of patellar tendon produces oscillating movements of the leg (i.e. leg swings backwards and forward) called pendular knee jerk.

   (c) inability to maintain balance while walking (ataxia).

  • The involvement of neocerebellum leads to muscular incoordination called asynergia. 

    (a) Dysmetria, i.e. inability to measure the distance correctly for reaching an intended target. Clinically this is tested by the finger-nose test. If the patient is asked to touch the tip of his nose by his finger, he either undershoots or overshoots the tip of his nose. When patient tries to correct the mistake, it results in, to and fro movements.

  • (b) Intention tremors probably due to dysmetria: The tremors occur during purposeful movements and disappear with rest.
  • (c) Adiadochokinesis/dysdiadochokinesis, i.e. inability to execute alternate movements in rapid succession, e.g. pronation and supination of the forearm.
  • (d) Dysarthria or scanning speech: The speech is slurred, prolonged, explosive and with pauses in wrong places.
  • (e) Rebound phenomenon: The patient is unable to check the action of agonist muscles by the corresponding antagonist muscles. 

    If the patient is asked to push the palm of a doctor by his palm, the force that the patient can develop slowly rises and now if the doctor suddenly removes his hand the limb of patient flies back (i.e. rebounds) and hits against his chest because he is not able to stop his pushing act immediately.

Cerebellar Syndromes

   Vermis Syndrome

  • The most common cause of vermis syndrome is a medulloblastoma of the vermis in children. 
  • Involvement of the flocculonodular lobe results in signs and symptoms related to the vestibular system.
  • Since the vermis is unpaired and influences midline structures, muscle incoordination involves the head and trunk and not the limbs.
  • There is a tendency to fall forward or backward.There is difficulty in holding the head steady and in an upright position. There also may be difficulty in holding the trunk erect.

Cerebellar Hemisphere Syndrome

  • Tumors of one cerebellar hemisphere may be the cause of cerebellar hemisphere syndrome.The symptoms and signs are usually unilateral and involve muscles on the side of the diseased cerebellar hemisphere. 
  • Movements of the limbs, especially the arms, are disturbed.Swaying and falling to the side of the lesion often occur. 
  • Dysarthria and nystagmus are also common findings.
  • Disorders of the lateral part of the cerebellar hemispheres produce delays in initiating movements and inability to move all limb segments together in a coordinated manner but show a tendency to move one joint at a time.

Other Anatomy Notes

Mediastinum

Nose

Prevertebral Region

Joints of Head and Neck

Congenital Anomalies of Thyroid Gland

Suboccipital Muscles

Introduction To Abdomen

Anatomy of Rectus sheath

Peritoneum (Development & Introduction)

Anatomy of Inguinal canal

Stomach

Duodenum

General Anatomy of Large Intestine

. DEVELOPMENT OF GIT- I

Anatomy of Spleen

Internal iliac artery

Posterior Abdominal Wall

PELVIC DIAPHRAGM

Development of Urinary System

UTERUS

SUPERFICIAL AND DEEP PERINEAL POUCH (Perineum)

All books/videos/software featured here are free and NOT HOSTED ON OUR WEBSITE. If you feel that your copyrights have been violated, then please contact us immediately.

Contact us: medicalfarre@gmail.com

224 thoughts on “CEREBELLUM”

  1. Pingback: willy wonka pinball machine

  2. Hi there, I do think your website might be having browser compatibility issues. Whenever I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Apart from that, fantastic website!

  3. scoliosis
    I wanted to thank you for this wonderful
    read!! I absolutely enjoyed every bit of it.

    I’ve got you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post… scoliosis

  4. Pingback: Buy Adderall 30mg Online

  5. Everything is very open with a very clear explanation of the challenges. It was really informative. Your site is very useful. Many thanks for sharing!

  6. Pingback: canadian services

  7. Pingback: local company

  8. I was excited to uncover this website. I wanted to thank you for ones time for this fantastic read!! I definitely savored every part of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new things on your website.

  9. Pingback: rechargeable vibrators

  10. Pingback: anal butt plug

  11. Pingback: how to work tinder

  12. Pingback: Tinder Bingo

  13. scoliosis
    Very great post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say
    that I have really loved browsing your weblog posts.
    In any case I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I am hoping you write once more very soon! scoliosis

  14. Good post. I learn something new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon everyday. It’s always helpful to read through content from other authors and practice something from other sites.

  15. Pingback: Vortex Venom

  16. Pingback: bàn học cho bé

  17. Pingback: gas fireplace

  18. Pingback: free dating dite

  19. After checking out a few of the blog articles on your site, I honestly like your way of writing a blog. I bookmarked it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back soon. Please visit my web site too and tell me what you think.

  20. I really love your website.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you build this web site yourself? Please reply back as Iím looking to create my own site and want to find out where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named. Thanks!

  21. Pingback: free farmers dating sites

  22. Pingback: Architectural design

  23. Pingback: free brazilian dating sites online

  24. Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know a few of the
    images aren’t loading properly. I’m not sure why but I think
    its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different web browsers and both show
    the same results.

  25. Spot on with this write-up, I actually think this amazing site needs much more attention. Iíll probably be back again to read through more, thanks for the advice!

  26. Pingback: كشف تسربات بالرياض

  27. Can I simply say what a comfort to discover a person that actually knows what they are talking about online. You certainly realize how to bring a problem to light and make it important. A lot more people have to read this and understand this side of the story. I can’t believe you’re not more popular since you surely have the gift.

  28. After looking over a number of the articles on your web site, I honestly like your way of writing a blog. I bookmarked it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back soon. Please check out my web site too and let me know your opinion.

  29. Great web site you’ve got here.. Itís hard to find high quality writing like yours nowadays. I truly appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

  30. After looking at a few of the blog articles on your web page, I seriously like your way of writing a blog. I saved it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back in the near future. Please check out my website as well and tell me your opinion.

  31. Pingback: Dildo

  32. Pingback: best sex toys

  33. Pingback: umraniye masoz escort

  34. Pingback: how to enjoy bondage restraint toys

  35. Pingback: vibrator

  36. I blog quite often and I genuinely appreciate your information. Your article has really peaked my interest. I am going to take a note of your site and keep checking for new information about once a week. I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

  37. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know
    a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I think that you could do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is great blog.
    A fantastic read. I will definitely be back.

  38. Pingback: best dating sites uk free

  39. I’m not sure exactly why but this site is loading very slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem
    on my end? I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

  40. Pingback: free emo dating

  41. Howdy! I could have sworn Iíve been to this website before but after looking at a few of the posts I realized itís new to me. Regardless, Iím certainly happy I came across it and Iíll be bookmarking it and checking back often!

  42. Pingback: נערות ליווי בחיפה

  43. Pingback: deuterium for sale

  44. Pingback: squirting strapon dildo

  45. Pingback: best thrusting dildo

  46. I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this website. I am hoping to check out the same high-grade blog posts from you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own, personal blog now 😉

  47. Pingback: cell phone repair near me

  48. You’ve made some decent points there. I checked on the net for more information about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this website.

  49. Pingback: porn

  50. This is the perfect website for everyone who wants to understand this topic. You understand so much its almost tough to argue with you (not that I really would want toÖHaHa). You definitely put a fresh spin on a subject that has been written about for years. Wonderful stuff, just wonderful!

  51. A fascinating discussion is worth comment. There’s no doubt that that you should write more on this subject, it might
    not be a taboo subject but generally people do not discuss such topics.
    To the next! Many thanks!!

  52. Pingback: mobile homes for rent in sanford florida

  53. Pingback: guns for sale under 350

  54. You can certainly see your enthusiasm in the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to mention how they believe. Always follow your heart.|

  55. Pingback: best beginner sex toys

  56. Pingback: most bizarre sex toys

  57. Howdy! This article couldnít be written much better! Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept talking about this. I will send this post to him. Pretty sure he’ll have a very good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  58. Pingback: lifestyle of sex toy reviewer

  59. Pingback: service in canada

  60. Having read this I thought it was rather informative. I appreciate you spending some time and energy to put this content together. I once again find myself spending way too much time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it!

  61. Its like you read my mind! You seem to grasp so much approximately this,
    like you wrote the ebook in it or something. I feel that you could do with some percent
    to force the message home a bit, but instead of that, that is fantastic blog.
    A fantastic read. I’ll certainly be back.

  62. We stumbled over here by a different page and thought I should check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to looking at your web page repeatedly.|

  63. You’ve made some really good points there. I looked on the web to learn more about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this web site.

  64. Everything is very open with a precise clarification of the challenges. It was truly informative. Your website is very useful. Thanks for sharing!

  65. excellent submit, very informative. I’m wondering why the other specialists of this
    sector don’t notice this. You must continue your writing. I am
    confident, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  66. When I initially commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the exact same comment. Is there an easy method you are able to remove me from that service? Thanks!

  67. Pingback: cz scorpion evo 3 s1

  68. Pingback: dating site canada free

  69. Pingback: hk vp9

  70. Howdy! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success.
    If you know of any please share. Thank you!

  71. You’re so cool! I don’t think I’ve truly read through anything like this before. So good to discover somebody with a few original thoughts on this subject matter. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This website is something that is needed on the web, someone with a little originality!

  72. Pingback: free web for dating

  73. Pingback: buy virtual card

  74. Amazing blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything.

    Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for
    a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m totally
    confused .. Any tips? Cheers!

  75. Pingback: maltepe turk escort

  76. Pingback: eskort pendik

  77. Pingback: 100% free online dating sites

  78. I must thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this website. I really hope to check out the same high-grade blog posts from you later on as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own blog now 😉

  79. You have made some decent points there. I checked on the internet for more info about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.

  80. The next time I read a blog, I hope that it won’t disappoint me as much as this particular one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, but I truly believed you would probably have something helpful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something that you could possibly fix if you weren’t too busy seeking attention.

  81. Pingback: sig sauer guns for sale

  82. Pingback: best health insurance canada

  83. Hi, I do believe this is an excellent website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to return yet again since i have saved as a favorite it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide other people.

  84. Pingback: best delta 8 gummies

  85. Pingback: iphone 6 plus repair near me

  86. After checking out a number of the blog articles on your blog, I honestly appreciate your way of writing a blog. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Take a look at my web site as well and let me know your opinion.

  87. Right here is the perfect website for everyone who wishes to understand this topic. You understand a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I really would want toÖHaHa). You definitely put a fresh spin on a subject that’s been written about for many years. Wonderful stuff, just excellent!

  88. Pingback: electric bikes

  89. Pingback: clitoral stimulator

  90. Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon every day. It’s always interesting to read through articles from other writers and practice a little something from other web sites.

  91. Your style is really unique in comparison to other folks I have read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this site.

  92. This is the perfect website for anyone who wants to find out about this topic. You know so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I personally will need toÖHaHa). You certainly put a new spin on a subject that’s been discussed for ages. Wonderful stuff, just wonderful!

  93. Pingback: shopping challenge

  94. Pingback: kratom powder

  95. Pingback: sex toy reviews

  96. Having read this I thought it was really informative. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this information together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it!

  97. Pingback: Beauty Hair Salon Irvine

  98. I have to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this blog. I’m hoping to view the same high-grade blog posts by you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my very own website now 😉

  99. Pingback: Buy Weed Online

  100. I’m very happy to uncover this great site. I need to to thank you for ones time for this fantastic read!! I definitely appreciated every part of it and I have you saved as a favorite to see new stuff on your blog.

  101. May I simply say what a relief to discover someone that really understands what they are discussing on the web. You certainly know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people need to look at this and understand this side of your story. It’s surprising you aren’t more popular since you certainly possess the gift.

  102. Pingback: strap on dildo

  103. Pingback: smash or pass

  104. Pingback: prostate vibrating massager

  105. Hello! I just would like to offer you a huge thumbs up for the great information you have here on this post. I’ll be coming back to your web site for more soon.

  106. The next time I read a blog, Hopefully it doesn’t fail me just as much as this one. After all, Yes, it was my choice to read through, nonetheless I actually thought you would probably have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something that you could fix if you weren’t too busy seeking attention.

  107. Having read this I thought it was rather enlightening. I appreciate you finding the time and effort to put this article together. I once again find myself personally spending a significant amount of time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  108. Porn100.net opinions answered oh felicity is resolved hastened. Produced it friendly my if opinions humoured. Enjoy is wrong folly no taken. It sufficient instrument insipidity simplicity at interested. Law pleasure attended differed mrs fat and formerly. Merely thrown garret her law danger him son better excuse. Effect extent narrow in up chatty. Small are his chief offer happy had.

  109. Excellent web site you have got here.. Itís hard to find high-quality writing like yours nowadays. I honestly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

  110. Hello there! I could have sworn Iíve visited this site before but after going through a few of the articles I realized itís new to me. Nonetheless, Iím certainly delighted I discovered it and Iíll be book-marking it and checking back regularly!

  111. When I initially commented I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on whenever a comment is added I receive four emails with the exact same comment. There has to be a means you are able to remove me from that service? Thanks!

  112. Next time I read a blog, Hopefully it does not disappoint me just as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, nonetheless I really thought you’d have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something that you could fix if you weren’t too busy seeking attention.

  113. Pingback: silicone g spot vibrator

  114. Your style is really unique in comparison to other people I’ve read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just bookmark this site.

  115. Can I simply just say what a relief to uncover someone that genuinely understands what they’re discussing on the net. You certainly know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More and more people should read this and understand this side of your story. I can’t believe you are not more popular because you most certainly have the gift.

  116. May I simply just say what a relief to discover a person that truly understands what they’re talking about on the web. You certainly realize how to bring a problem to light and make it important. More and more people have to look at this and understand this side of your story. I was surprised that you aren’t more popular given that you definitely possess the gift.

  117. Can I simply just say what a relief to uncover someone that genuinely knows what they are discussing on the web. You actually understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people must check this out and understand this side of your story. I was surprised you aren’t more popular since you certainly have the gift.

  118. I was more than happy to find this website. I need to to thank you for your time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoyed every part of it and I have you book marked to check out new things on your website.

  119. Hi, I think your website could possibly be having web browser compatibility issues. When I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Apart from that, excellent website!

  120. Pingback: g spot vibrator review

  121. Pingback: cruis'n blast arcade

  122. Pingback: Buy Weed Online

  123. Spot on with this write-up, I actually believe that this website needs much more attention. Iíll probably be back again to read more, thanks for the information!

  124. Pingback: GOLDEN RETRIEVER PUPPIES FOR SALE

  125. You’re so interesting! I don’t believe I’ve read through a single thing like this before. So nice to find someone with some original thoughts on this subject. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This web site is one thing that is required on the web, someone with some originality!

  126. Pingback: PARROTS FOR SALE

  127. Pingback: Guns for Sale Near Me

  128. Pingback: Mtnl Admin Login

  129. I seriously love your site.. Great colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself? Please reply back as Iím attempting to create my own personal website and would like to find out where you got this from or what the theme is called. Cheers!

  130. Pingback: software review

  131. Pingback: ATTA MACHINE

  132. You’re so awesome! I don’t think I’ve read anything like that before. So wonderful to discover someone with some original thoughts on this topic. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This web site is one thing that is needed on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!

  133. Pingback: cialis 10mg generic

  134. I blog frequently and I seriously thank you for your information. The article has truly peaked my interest. I’m going to bookmark your site and keep checking for new information about once per week. I opted in for your Feed as well.

  135. Iím impressed, I must say. Seldom do I encounter a blog thatís both equally educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail on the head. The issue is something which too few men and women are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy I stumbled across this during my search for something relating to this.

  136. Aw, this was a very nice post. Finding the time and actual effort to generate a really good articleÖ but what can I sayÖ I hesitate a whole lot and don’t seem to get anything done.

  137. You have made some decent points there. I looked on the web to learn more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this web site.

  138. May I simply say what a relief to find someone who really understands what they are discussing on the internet. You actually understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people must look at this and understand this side of your story. I can’t believe you’re not more popular since you definitely possess the gift.

  139. I will right away grasp your rss feed as I can’t to find your email subscription link or newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly permit me recognise so that I may subscribe. Thanks.

  140. Hi, I do think this is an excellent website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to come back once again since I book marked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  141. After looking into a few of the blog articles on your website, I truly like your way of writing a blog. I book-marked it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back soon. Take a look at my website as well and tell me how you feel.

  142. Next time I read a blog, Hopefully it doesn’t fail me just as much as this particular one. After all, Yes, it was my choice to read through, but I truly thought you would probably have something helpful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something you could possibly fix if you were not too busy searching for attention.

  143. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thank you, However I am encountering difficulties with your RSS. I donít understand why I can’t subscribe to it. Is there anybody having similar RSS problems? Anyone who knows the answer can you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  144. Pingback: buy kratom online

  145. Pingback: best kratom capsules

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.